How much alcohol can you drink without serious harm to your health?

blood alcohol

Many people do not drink alcohol during the work week, but allow themselves to relax on the weekends by drinking a few beers or strong drinks a day. It should be borne in mind that this approach is dangerous and can cause health problems. This is due to the fact that it is difficult for the body to process a large dose of alcohol that is received within 2 days.

To avoid serious problems, you need to know what dose of alcohol per day is considered safe.

How much alcohol you should not drink

I will say right away - there is no consensus on this issue. Some scientists say that even in small amounts, alcohol has a detrimental effect on the body. Others believe that in small doses, alcohol is even beneficial. And there are WHO (World Health Organization) recommendations thatis ​​a dangerous dose of alcohol60 ml of ethanol for menand50 ml for women. But since very few people consume ethanol in pure form (well, I hope), this is what an absolutely dangerous dose of alcohol looks like in terms of the drinks most are familiar with:

  • 180 g vodka for men and 150 g vodka for women
  • 1, 5 l. beer
  • 0. 5 l. wine

Absolutely dangerous dose of alcohol- the average value of the amount of alcohol consumed enough to lead to death.

But don't think that nothing will happen to your body if you drink less than these values. Even if you ingest the equivalent of 30 ml of ethanol (90 g of vodka, 800 ml of beer or a large glass of wine) a day, you can seriously harm your health.

ideal alcohol rate

Formula for determining the individual alcohol rate

Healthcare professionals have developed a formula that can be used to calculate an individual’s alcohol intake. Using this method, you can determine for yourself how much alcohol you can drink per day without harming your health.

The basis is 1. 5 g of ethyl alcohol per 1 kg of human weight. If a person weighs 70 kg, the single dose of ethanol is 105 ml. In any case, it is necessary to understand that such values ​​are average, because much depends on the age, sex and physiological characteristics of the organism.

What happens if you drink alcohol every day?

Scientists have been researching this question for a long time. Recent evidence suggests thatalcohol reduces the risk of atherosclerosis. It partly helps to avoid clogging blood vessels with cholesterol plaques. Why is cholesterol dangerous? This causes circulation problems. Blood stops circulating normally through the vessels because they are filled with cholesterol, and a person can even die. Alcohol, on the other hand, “flushes” blood vessels and does not allow cholesterol to stagnate.

Does that mean you can drink alcohol every day? No. In this case, we are talking about extremely small doses of alcohol. Based on the sameWHO recommendations, experts advise at least two days a week to completelyabstain from alcohol. Of course, the longer you don’t drink, the better.

The optimal doseof alcohol, which is not very harmful to health, and may even bring certain benefits,is ​​considered to be 150 mlof dry red wine.

But that doesn't mean you shoulddrink a small glass of wine every day, although there are many stories circulating on the Internet about how a grandfather drank a glass every day and lived to be 90 years old. Everything here is individual and it is necessary to take into account many factors - from chronic diseases to hereditary predispositions. Not to mention the fact thatalcohol is categorically contraindicatedfor minors and pregnant women.

Did you know that alcohol stays in your hair the longest?

If you drink alcohol every day, the body will not be able to remove it from the body and an illness like alcoholism will start. There are 3 phases and in this article we will cover them. But first, let’s understand - how does alcohol affect a person in general?

A wonderful intoxicating drink has been known for thousands of years, although in each country it was called differently: digestion, ale, braga, etc. In ancient times, it was believed that the amber drink improves appetite, strengthens health, helps growth and development, so it was considered the norm to be given to children. Beer can delight you on both hot days and cool evenings. For example, in the middle of the 20th century in Italy, they were encouraged to enjoy all year round, not just during the hot summer. At the time, beer was associated with urban lifestyles, fashion trends, and even progress. And now many connoisseurs of this frothy drink are convinced that it can be enjoyed during breakfast, lunch and dinner.

The famous joke "There are 24 hours a day, 24 bottles in a box of beer - a coincidence? " confirms this. But jokes, jokes and foam can get you good problems for your health if you don’t know the measures. In this article we will understand what are the benefits and harms of this drink, in what quantities it can be consumed and whether there are contraindications.

How alcohol works

how alcohol works

The brain of an ordinary person and an alcoholic. In the second case, most of the connections in the brain are destroyed

What is alcohol in a scientific sense? This isethyl alcohol, which is produced by the fermentation of sugar, yeast and starch. And all this "nuclear" mixture has an amazing property: it goes through all the stages of digestion incredibly fast. That is, while digesting soup for lunch (about 30 minutes) or chicken meat (up to 2 hours), alcohol quickly reaches its goal - human blood flow, sometimes even bypassing the liver, if you drink seriously. He just isn’t able to let such a large amount of alcohol through himself.

Alcohol starts to work badly in the circulatory system: it damages red blood cells (tiny bodies that make up blood), causing them to stick together and form blood clots. Blood clots in turn block blood flow in the small arteries, and this leads to blockage of blood vessels in the brain. Therefore, there is a feeling of intoxication, similar to when the brain lacks oxygen.

Red blood cells of a person who has consumed large amounts of alcohol. Almost everyone stuck together

Therefore, if you do not drink alcohol in moderation, the brain will be constantly in this state. This will lead to the degradation of many mental and physical functions - a condition comparable to drinking a lot of alcohol at once. A person cannot stand normally and does not give an account of his actions.

Scientists have already proven that alcohol damages DNA and increases the risk of cancer.

Beer in the modern world

Every store now offers a huge selection of drinks. To make the right choice, you need to understand what types of foam are and how they differ from each other. Beer can be divided into 2 types: simple and strong.

Usually beer contains little alcohol, about 4 percent. It is further divided into 2 types: light and dark. The strength of the draft can reach 8 percent.

beer in the modern world

Strong drinks can contain up to 12 percent alcohol. It differs from the simple in that it has an unusually rich taste, smell and a slightly bitter taste.

This drink is considered complete. It is worth noting that approximately 90% of the range provided to customers refers to the whole. The average alcohol content in this form is approximately 7 percent.

Stages of alcoholism

Constantalcohol consumption leads to alcoholism, which has three stages.

  1. With thefirst phaseof alcohol dependence, a person gradually loses control over the amount of alcohol consumed, leading to a pathological desire for alcohol.
  2. In thesecond phasea person even develops "immunity" to alcohol, more precisely, it seems to him that it is so. In fact, if a person consumes more than 1 liter of alcohol at this stage, the body will seemingly begin to perceive alcohol more easily. In fact, this hides the development of serious diseases - hepatitis, liver cirrhosis, esophageal and gastric cancer.
  3. Alcoholismthird stageis ​​characterized by complete degradation of personality on the physical and mental level. The person can no longer drink alcohol and in most cases dies.

Scientists believe that alcoholism is affected by a hereditary predisposition caused by insufficient production of enzymes that metabolize alcohol. But it is actually affected by the amount of alcohol consumed. You just don’t need to drink if you realize you’re losing control of yourself and an uncomfortable body condition arises.

alcoholism disease

Alcoholism is a disease and must be treated

Benefits of drinks

Strangely, beer also has valuable health benefits, but most of them are not related to its ingestion. Used externally:

  1. Beer foam is used to smooth wrinkles for masks that improve the condition of facial skin.
  2. Beer is an essential ingredient in hair masks, making them strong, voluminous and silky.
  3. If a person gets sick from acute respiratory infections and drinks a little warm beer, then recovery and improvement in health will come faster.
  4. A reasonable dose of beer will help remove harmful heavy metals from the body, so drink the drink at an acceptable rate and your kidneys will be healthy.
  5. If you drink beer occasionally, due to the silicon content in it, the bone system will be strengthened.

Take care of your health!

WARNING! The information published in the article is for informational purposes only and is not an instruction manual. Be sure to consult your doctor!

Why does a hangover occur?

This question is asked by many the next morning after a busy party (usually with the words "well, I will definitely not drink anymore"). In fact, the explanation is very simple: alcohol enters the bloodstream of the body terribly fast, but it comes out of it VERY slowly. And the human body cannot fully recover after a stormy night until the substance is completely destroyed and digested. This is how ahangoveroccurs.

Last year in our country they tried to make a beer without a hangover with vitamins. I wonder if they did?

Surely many asked,how to avoid a hangover, before they started celebrating the next event with alcohol. But the answer can be summed up in one sentence: do not drink in large quantities and then the alcohol will have time to leave the body before your head comes in contact with the pillow.

How to drink alcohol?

Researchers distinguish the so-called "northern" model of drinking from the "southern". The first includes Belarus, Kazakhstan, the Baltic countries, which drink a lot of alcohol, moreover, in shock doses, and not always often. The "southern" model is typical of Spain, Italy, Greece, where they can drink even more often, but less and less strong alcohol: for example, a glass of dry wine at dinner. No one drinks 100 g of vodka every day.

Scientists agree that the Southern model is safer for health, although they still note that daily alcohol consumption is detrimental to health. So don’t overdo it.

Historical data

Beer is one of the oldest drinks. According to history, it was first prepared about 8000 years ago. It is worth noting that at that time women were engaged in the production of beverages. It was produced mainly at home. It was only after beer began to gain popularity and begin to be sold that men became interested in the manufacturing business.

Of course, nowadays brewing is considered an exclusively male occupation, although, as is known from history, it all started in a completely different way. The majority of the drink was produced in the Middle Ages, and was known for its wonderful taste in England, the Czech Republic and Germany. For that reason, these countries have not lost their title and continue to make delicious intoxicating drinks.

This case was popular in many countries. People who could brew beer were highly regarded. Various ingredients were selected for production, so the taste of beer was different.